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As part of the Resilient Cape Cod project, Commission staff and project partners developed a matrix of adaptation strategies that organizes information on the spectrum of resiliency strategies available to protect an area from coastal hazards, including: 

  • physical characteristics;
  • benefits and limitations;
  • where they may be used; and
  • cost of implementation and maintenance. 

Strategies are organized by type, depending on whether they protect an area from coastal hazards, accommodate the coastal hazard within the area (e.g., through some modification of infrastructure or the natural system), or retreat from an area by removing buildings or structures.

The matrix is intended to be used by coastal managers looking to identify available options, and includes policies, hard/engineered strategies, and soft/green strategies. The data collection is based on a broad literature review, with input from local and regional partners and experts. 

Adaptation Strategies Matrix


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